), The Desert Environment Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Russian thistle contains a source of nutrients and essential minerals. The Latin or “scientific” name for most or all of the tumbleweeds occurring in the Antelope Valley is Salsola tragus or Salsola kali. Within two decades the plant had tumbled into a dozen states, and by 1900, tumbleweed had reached the Pacific Coast. The seeds require only … At maturity, the plant is stiff, prickly, round and bushy. Elevation range is from below sea level in Death Valley to over 8500 feet. Russian Thistle "Tumbleweed," "Russian thistle" and "wind witch" are common names for this symbol of the American west. Typical Bloom (varies by elevation) July. Common Name(s): Russian Thistle, Tumbleweed, Thistle,Russian: Scientific Name: Salsola iberica: Family: Chenopodiaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Warm Seedlings have very finely dissected leaves that almost look like pine needles. The stems break at ground level and roll in the wind causing the seeds to fall. The peregrinating (highly traveled) plant also grows abundantly in Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Egypt, Greece, Hawaii, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, South Africa and Turkey. The generic name Salsola means salty, while kali refers to ashes, in allusion to a … Notes Russian thistle originated in Russia and was brought to the U.S. in the late 1800’s as a contaminant of North Dakota flax seed. Treats Wasp Stings. Geology Building, Room 2258 How Russian Thistle is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Fax: (951) 827-5104, Department of Entomology As it rolls down a desert road, Russian thistle plants do what they do best, disperse seeds, which typically number 250,000 per plant. Below is a list of all the weeds in our database, sorted by scientific name. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Russian Thistle. Young plants have dark green fleshy leaves that become stiff, shortened, and form a point. Care must be taken to supplement the diet of animals if these plants are the sole source of forage in the area or poisoning may result. Green. While the economic impact to the state of California has not been well documented, costs include clean-up of public roadways and thoroughfares, loss of seed crops due to contamination by thistle seed and illness or even death of foraging livestock, and degradation of California's valuable and highly diverse wilderness areas. Non-Native. Other Names: Prickly Russian-thistle, Russian-thistle, Salsola australis, Salsola kali [misapplied], Salsola pestifer, Salsola iberica Foliage Leaves are … Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. Common name(s): Siberian elm, Asiatic elm, Chinese elm, dwarf elm Scientific name: Ulmus pumila Family: Elm family (Ulmaceae) Reasons for concern: Large, dangerous limbs on older trees can easily break off and seriously damage properties or injure people.It is susceptible to many diseases (not Dutch-elm disease), insects, and growth disorders. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); DesertUSA Newsletter -- We send articles on hiking, camping and places to explore, as well as animals, wildflower reports, plant information and much more. Special Characteristics. Photos courtesy of UC IPM and Jack Kelly Clark, Mark Hoddle, Extension Specialist and Director of Center for Invasive Species Researchmark.hoddle@ucr.edu Personal Website, 900 University Ave. Annual. Text provided by Richard D. Goeden, updated by Mark S. Hoddle Plant Family. Wildflower. Sal-SO-la TRAY-gus. The similar Barbwire Russian Thistle (Salsola paulsenii) is not found in the southeastern part of Arizona, while Russian Thistle (Salsola kali) is not found in Arizona. Damage: Russian thistle is damaging as a seed contaminant, as a forage weed that may contain toxic levels of soluble oxalates and nitrates, and as an alternative host of several economically significant insect species. Like many invasive weeds, Russian thistle exploited the destruction of native ecosystems. Riverside, CA 92521. The mature plants break off at ground level, creating spiny, brittle, windblown tumbleweeds that fill drainage canals, catchments and swimming pools, and pile up against fences and dwellings, becoming eyesores, fire hazards, and foci for the accumulation of other windblown debris. Russian thistle alludes to its Eurasian origin. Appearance Salsola tragus is an annual herb that can grow to 4 ft. (1.2 m) tall. The use of this herbal treatment has been used since many years ago. Plants branch profusely, forming dense clumps, several feet high and wide. Research: Russian thistle is an exotic weed species and is a good candidate for biological control. Scientific Pronunciation. A severe drought in the 1930’s in Canada led farmers to use young tumbleweeds as hay and silage for livestock. Desert Geological Terms, Home  | About | Contact Us | Feedback | Privacy | Site Outline | Advertising on DesertUSA | Aquis Towels | Hotels, 7 Smartphone Apps to Improve Your Camping Experience. List of various diseases cured by Russian Thistle. There does not yet appear to be a consensus on the preferred scientific name, although S. tragus is the leading candidate for the inland variety of tumbleweed and S. kali, for the more coastal variety. Browse by Scientific Name. Chenopodiaceae. Seeds are unusual in that they lack any protective coat or stored food reserves. To survive winter without a warm coat, the plant does not germinate until warm weather arrives. Kochia (Kochia scoparia L.) and Russian thistle (Salsola tragus L.) are troublesome annual weeds of rangelands, pastures, fields, disturbed areas, gardens, roadsides, ditchbanks, and small acreages. Most people, however, would fail to recognize the seedling and juvenile plant’s bright green, succulent, grass-like shoots, which are usually red or purple striped. Russian thistle tumbleweed This plant and the related entities and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. When farmers removed prairie grasses, they created a perfect environment, smooth and flat, for a plant that could roll across the landscape dispersing seeds. Both Russian thistle and kochia can also be controlled by grazing animals on the plants if they are young. It had been accidentally brought to the United States in a shipment of flaxseed. Riverside, CA 92521 The Sons of Pioneers made the song Tumbling Tumbleweeds popular in the 1940’s. The stems have distinctive dark purplish striations (parallel to the stem) when the plant is young and growing. Tel: (951) 827-6555 Echinops exaltatus, also known as Russian globe thistle, is a globe thistle native to Eurasia and an invasive species in Eastern Canada and Northern United States. The North American Deserts Names of Russian Thistle in various languages of the world are also given. Scientific Name. Russian Thistle Scientific Name: Salsola kali (also Salsola tragus and Salsola iberica) Russian thistle is least noticed when it is young - slender, green and soft - and most noticed when it's … Instead, each seed is a coiled, embryonic plant wrapped in a thin membrane. Habits/Habitats © 2020 Regents of the University of California. Herbicides now control the spread of Russian thistle by disrupting the maturation process of the plant. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. These prickles are an adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by herbivores. Kali tragus, formerly called Salsola tragus or Salsola kali subsp. Russian thistle is a large and bushy annual broadleaf plant that is common in the Mojave Desert. The .gov means it’s official. Russian Thistle Facts •Scientific name - Salsola kali, Salsola australis, Salsola iberica, Salsola tragus •Native to Russia and western Siberia •Arrived in U.S. in 1873 in South Dakota •Found on disturbed sites •Bushy summer annual •Woody at maturity You may also view the list sorted by common name. When you turn on that function, you allow your camera to get closer to the subject, looking into a flower for example. Years later, it was identified as Russian thistle, scientific name Salsola tragus, a native plant of Russia and the Eurasian steppes east of the Ural Mountains. Additional insect enemies from the weed's native central Asia should also be introduced and evaluated. (It's Free. Russian thistle is a prolific seed producer. Hence, you can consult the doctor before using this plant to prevent any risks for sure. kali, from the Arabic al qaly, from Kali, an area of Saudi Arabia called the Rub al-Kali or Rub al-Khali, the "Empty Quarter." Scientific names for tumbleweed include Salsola kali, S. pestifer, S. australis, S. iberica, and S. tragus. Plant Type. The more common name for tumbleweeds is Russian thistle. Photo tips: Most digital point-and-shoot cameras have a macro function - usually symbolized by the icon of a little flower. Tumbleweed is a manybranched, annual herb growing to 2 to 6 feet tall. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Plants thrive in salty and alkaline soils but will generally be outcompeted by natives in undisturbed habitats. Mice, bighorn sheep and pronghorn eat the tender shoots. Tumbleweeds were first reported in the United States around 1877 in Bon Homme County, South Dakota, apparently transported in flax seed imported by Ukrainian farmers. Hairy fleabane, a common summer annual or biennial broadleaf of disturbed, unmanaged areas and cultivated fields, may be confused with horseweed, Conyza canadensis.Hairy fleabane is found in the Central Valley, central-western region, and southwestern region, to about 3300 feet (1000 m). A pith-boring moth and a case-bearing moth have been established as biocontrol agents in California, but are ineffective. Abutilon theophrasti - velvetleaf; Acroptilon repens - Russian knapweed; Aegilops cylindrica - jointed goatgrass, jointgrass; Aegilops triuncialis - barb … Riverside, CA 92521, CNAS Dean's Office 3. When moisture falls, the plant is ready to uncoil and germinate. "Tumbleweed," "Russian thistle" and "wind witch" are common names for this symbol of the American west. The California Department of Food and Agriculture and the University of California Exotic Pests and Diseases Research Program has supported foreign exploration by USDA and UC entomologists in recent years, and natural enemies have been studied at the USDA European Biological Control Laboratory in southern France. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Non Native Invasive Species California - where? Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Salsola tragus. Its efficient taproot, abundant seed production and reduced leaf surface adapt this weed well to disturbed semiarid agricultural environments, rangeland and nonagricultural areas such as vacant resident lots and railroad or highway rights-of-way. Range It was likely one of the first weeds introduced by North American settlers in the 1600s as a contaminant in seeds. Young plants are suitable for livestock forage and are sometimes grazed. The Situation: Russian thistle, commonly known as tumbleweed, is a profusely branched annual herb. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Plant Origin. Distribution: Russian thistle is a summer annual native to southeastern Russia and western Siberia and was originally introduced into the United States as a contaminant of flax seed in South Dakota in 1873. Russian thistle is a bushy summer annual with numerous slender ascending stems that become quite woody at maturity. Russian thistle tumbleweeds present a serious fire hazard.  Economic Impact: In addition to being a nuisance, Russian thistle is an expense to both public and private property owners. Scientific names for tumbleweed include Salsola kali, S. pestifer, S. australis, S. iberica, and S. tragus. 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