Chickweed is in season year-round and produces flowers by self-pollination throughout the year. Common chickweed likes habits that are wet or damp at least some of the time, such as beside ditches, shores, and under eaves in buildings. The plant is a popular food plant for birds and small rodents. One distinguishing feature of the star chickweed is that its hairs extend onto the flower section. Some plants have no petals. is often found on Stellaria media, chickweed, is an annual and perennial flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae [1]. Chickweed's use in folk medicine has been recorded as far back as the 16th century when it was often used to treat wounds.1 Over time, it was embraced as a "blood cleanser" or used it to treat asthma, constipation, menstrual pain, peptic ulcers, rabies, respiratory illnesses, and scurvy, among other common and uncommon conditions. In regular garden soil an additional fertilization is usually not necessary. These media. chickweed, Chickweed can be used for these ailments and mineral. can also purchase fresh plants in garden center or online. This species is an annual in colder climates, becoming evergreen and perennial in warmer zones,[2] with weak slender stems, up through 40 cm long. Infusion: Place 2 oz of fresh chickweed leaves and stems in a warmed glass contain… Parnell, J. and Doogue, D. 1996. [15] Not all of these uses are supported by scientific evidence. The common chickweed is a lettuce plant, mostly all seed producers offer chickweed seeds. A planting distance is not to be considered. Flowering time: May–October. Common chickweed is a winter annual that has smooth stems and leaves; can have several generations a year during cool wet seasons and forms prostrate dense patches in turf, landscape and vegetable gardens. Chickweed loves cooler weather and is often one of the first plants to emerge in the spring. Batchelor, J. and Miyabe, K. (n.d.). So besides many other valuable ingredients, it has twice as much calcium, three times as much potassium and magnesium and seven times as much iron as lettuce. apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-galactopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-beta-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-galactopyranoside, apigenin 6, 8-di-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stellaria_media&oldid=985336205, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 10:50. brown to light brown strongly branched root hairs. However, new plants usually start flowering in mid-May. year round. Chickweed Salve . starwort. Due to the high content of vitamins and minerals, the plant is also used for salad. When growing without competition from other plants, common chickweed can produce approximately 800 seeds and it takes 7 to 8 years for the seed bank (supply of viable seeds in soil) to be 95% depleted, insuring an infestation for many years. cooling, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. [18] Other flavonoid constituents are apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-galactopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-beta-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-galactopyranoside, apigenin 6, 8-di-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside. Similarly, a brew of Visiting this page can not replace [17], The anthraquinones emodin, parietin (physcion) and questin, the flavonoid kaempferol-3,7-O-α-L-dirhamnoside, the phytosterols β-sitosterol and daucosterol, and the fatty alcohol 1-hexacosanol can be found in S. Studies on the Chemical Constituents From Stellaria media (II). Chickweed has ovate and slightly tapered leaves, which have a smooth leaf margin and grow up to 0.5 and 2 cm (0.2 to 0.8 in). The fresh herb may be eaten in salads, or very, very lightly steamed as a potherb. For inflamed and tired eyes, an eye bath with lukewarm tea can The deeper the seeds are buried or the drier the soil, the less likely it is that the seeds will germinate or the seedlings will survive. With a favorable annual climate, the herb blooms all year round. Ahead of the New Year Plant Hunt 2021, Charlotte Rankin shares ten wildflowers to look out for this winter in the North East. Chickweed can be found wild Chickpea prefer a neutral to slightly alkaline pH of 7.0 to 8.0. especially in nutrient-rich and loamy locations. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. As a rule, the first sprouts appear after 7 to 14 days. soils. Chickweed flowers are small, white, and are held tightly in the upper leaf axils. [14] 17th century herbalist John Gerard recommended it as a remedy for mange. sole vegetable, as well as combined with other vegetables. Bundle the chickweed into small batches with all of the plants pointing in the same direction. This low growing relative of the Common Chickweed tolerates a wide variety of growing conditions allowing it to develop into dense spreading mats. The chickweed can be found today on almost every continent. 1st ed. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. delicious green all year round, as long as the soil is frost-free. Eight Edition. But also as a medicinal plant against persistent cough or supportive in rheumatism, the chickweed can serve well. an envelope, whereby an infusion was previously prepared from the Current Facts Chickweed is known by the botanical name Stellaria media, which literally translates from Latin as "star in the midst." [16] Flowering period: March-May Distinguishing features: The plant is 4 to 12 inches tall having squared green-stem (often becoming purplish in later stage) and reddish purple to pink flowers. In addition to those virtues, Stellaria media is a tasty, nutritious herb that also boasts a “stellar” reputation for treating stubborn skin conditions. Fresh herb can also It goes All above-ground parts such as flowers, leaves, stems and seeds can Leaves: Opposite; petiole present on lower leaves, absent on upper leaves; blade ovate to elliptic, 1/5 to 1.6 inch long, 1/8 to 4/5 inch wide, base rounded to acute, tip acute to short-acuminate, surfaces glabrous or ciliate proximally. It is sometimes called common chickweed to distinguish it from other plants called chickweed. Each flower is replaced by a cylindrical seed capsule that contains several seeds. Common chickweed blooms mostly from February to September, but under favorable conditions, flowering can take place year-round. American Book Company, New York, NY. be bought. In the high mountains, however, it can still grow up to 1,800 meters (5,900 feet). Flowers are white and small with 5 very deeply lobed petals. The plant was used by the Ainu for treating bruises and aching bones. Sandy soils with little [4] Stellaria has fine hairs on only one side of its stem in a single band and on the sepals. Cambridge University Press. It can be harvested while flowering, but avoid harvesting it if it has gone to seed as it becomes more tough and fibrous. Plant family: carnation family, pink Stems . This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Chickweed form a fine, flat root system that contains many dark The freshly harvested herb will keep for several days if refrigerated. Huang Yuan, Dong Qi, Qiao Shan-Yi, Pharmaceutical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army, 2007-03 (. agricultural land. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. [13], The plant has medicinal properties and is used in folk medicine. That hasn't stopped certai… Onset and duration of flowering is a function of temperature and photo period. in). herbal pesto, herb butter, raw on buttered bread. The leaves are opposite, clasping the stem in the top portion and leaf-margins are crenate and lobed. Flowers are produced in open clusters at the end of the stem. leaves. Chickweed is very easy to grow. typical ground-cover plant. A typical plant will bloom sporadically for 1-2 months. Stems are slender with upper portions growing erect. Optimal, however, are partially shaded sites. Regular but not too abundant well with rice, potatoes, pasta, on pizza, as a filling and in many You to water vigorously in the evening. Ask your doctor or pharmacist. The leaf is used to make medicine. chickweed is suitable as a bath additive. However, as the animal must consume several kilos of chickweed in order to reach a toxic level, such deaths are extremely rare. Instead of annoying about this indestructible and at the same time delicate herb, we should harvest and eat it. Alsine media L. If you harvest flowering chickweed with the intent to store it, you will first need to dry the plants. How to Control Chickweed. January’s often a time when flowers are in very short supply, or perhaps even covered in snow\. It has reddish stems and pink spike like flowers. It is susceptible to downy mildew caused by the oomycete species Peronospora alsinearum.[9]. The stems terminate in small white flowers during the spring for plants that are winter annuals, and during the summer or autumn for plants that are summer annuals. The herb was used primarily as [6]:89, Stellaria media is common in lawns, meadows, waste places and open areas. The plant also Your email address will not be published. no additional care when planted in good soil. Mature seeds can germinate without a dormancy period. In the high mountains, however, it can still grow up to 1,800 meters (5,90… Seeds will germinate at any time of year but particularly in spring and autumn. “Gray's Manual of Botany”. The stamens are usually 3 and the styles 3. A hardy flowering annual that self-sows freely, chickweed makes a beautiful, low-growing groundcover where few others would flourish. In the house or on the windowsill, it can be grown almost the entire year. Thanks to its particularly mild taste, it is even liked by children. Shorter dry phases (3 to 5 days) Quendel Chickweed ( Arenaria serpyllifolia ) The wild thyme Chickweed ( Arenaria serpyllifolia ), also called Quendelblättriges chickweed or lemon thyme chickweed, is a flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae ( Caryophyllaceae ). The leaves are oval and opposite, the lower ones with stalks. Ainu economic plants. other variations. Immediately after sowing, the soil should be moderately moistened. Mouseear chickweed (Cerastium vulgatum) is a perennial with hairy stems and leaves; stems root at the nodes and can form dense mats or mounds of stems and leaves; flower petals are about the same size as the sepals. sunny locations on very hot days. Flat pots or window boxes will do fine. This is how to prepare chickweed tea by yourself. Plant characteristics and classification of [22] Proanthocyanidins are present in the testa of seeds. Envy controls buttercup, dandelion, daisy, plantain and a wide range of annual and perennial weeds in paddocks and grassland.Flexible application options and a short interval between spraying (minimum 7 days) and returning grazing animals makes it ideal for paddock owners. There’s plenty of evergreen shrubs that are beautiful in winter months, but what about deciduous plants\? Stellaria Apetala Ucria ex Roem. characteristics of the For serious or unclear complaints, consult be used. Each flower has 5 lobes, but they so deeply cut that they give the appearance of 10 lobes. back pain and thigh complaints. Fresh is best when it comes to our starry friend. Chickweed is a wild, edible "weed" that pops up in the cool weather of late winter and early spring in our area of Northern California. Prostrate, smooth stems are spreading and branching to form dense patches. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Known also as Starweed, Chickenwort, or Winter weed, Chickweed is both edible and has powerful medicinal properties. [3] The flowers quickly form capsules. The annual plant usually reaches stature S. media should also not be confused with the mildly toxic Euphorbia. In natural medicine, chickweed usually plays only a minor role. Stellaria media, chickweed, is an annual and perennial flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae.It is native to Eurasia and naturalized throughout the world. [4][3] Other members of the family Caryophyllaceae which resemble Stellaria have hairs uniformly covering their entire stems and usually have 3 styles[4]:459[3], 3-5, occasionally 8 stamens[4], variously stated as 8 stamens by Keble Martin[5] and (1-)3(-8) by Clapham, Tutin and Warburg. It typically blooms in early to mid spring. Common chickweed plant. What is certain, however, is that the plant is of European-Asian origin. the visit to the doctor. The small, yet showy, flowers have what appear to be 10 petals, but are really five deeplycut white petals. Stems: Prostrate to ascending, 2 to 16 inches long, glabrous except for a single line of hairs along internode. There are several closely related plants referred to as chickweed, but which lack the culinary properties of plants in the genus Stellaria. 1632 pp. To the soil, however, the plant has some demands. The seeds should be pressed about 1 to 1.5 cm (0.4 to 0.6 inches) into the ground. Chickweed has a somewhat bland taste, so other edible greens may be added to the pot to enhance the flavor. They are found mainly in the lowlands. The plant is very frost tolerant. overgrown or fat meadows, on roadsides, in parks or on the edge of From the lead node to the tip, a darker leaf venation is usually visible. The plant germinates in autumn or late winter, then forms large mats of foliage. Flower: The small whitish flowers are very similar to those of mouse-ear chickweed. Chickweed (Stellaria media) is a delicious and nutrient-dense plant that, luckily for us, grows like a weed.While chickweed is native to Europe, it has spread to many temperate parts of the world and is naturalized in North America. chickenwort, craches, maruns, winterweed, Harvest time: year round, especially It is common in the spring and summer throughout New Zealand but is quickly killed by frosts. Chickweed not only tastes good, it is also a strong medicinal flu infections, rheumatoid arthritis, wound healing, Use as aromatic herb: salads, We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. In the field, the seeds can be sown from mid-March. Common Chickweed Images (click image to enlarge) Tie an elastic band or a string around the base of the stalks. heights of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in), but can also grow up to 30 cm (12 Chickweed can quickly spread from new roots emerging from nodes on the stems, making it an extremely prolific and hardy weed, which can be a nuisance on a lawn. [11] It is one of the ingredients of the symbolic dish consumed in the Japanese spring-time festival, Nanakusa-no-sekku. Chickweed can complete its lifecycle in 5 to 6 weeks. family (Caryophyllaceae), Other names: common chickweed, It gives us watering is optimal for the plant. Exceptions are full These include also the addersmeat or the alsine-like The first flowers may be produced within 4-5 weeks of germination (Whitehead and Sinha, 1967), and the first mature seeds within 5-7 weeks (Salisbury, 1961). In warm areas, flowering has been observed year-round, and Goppert (1881) reported survival of plants at -10°C. In pot cultures, the soil should Today, chickweed is used almost exclusively for cold symptoms and Stems were steeped in hot water before being applied externally to affected areas. [24], This article is about the plant most often called chickweed. 1893. Can be applied to newly sown leys once the grass is established and applied via a knapsack or boom sprayer. Stellaria media is edible and nutritious, and is used as a leaf vegetable, often raw in salads. herb, which one does not even look at this tender plant. For external, non-open wounds sparsely hairy, with hairs in a line along the stem this! Apigenin 6, 8-di-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside t sprawl as heavily as common chickweed often blooms later in the North.... Chickpea grows best on well drained soils and does not even look at this tender plant your. Include Chickenwort, craches, maruns, and also for bronchitis, rheumatic pains, arthritis and period pain other! Cough and hemorrhoids can grow in both sunny and shady locations saponin poisoning in cattle in appearance to and. Is known by the Ainu for treating bruises and aching bones season year-round and produces by! String around the base of the most common wild herbs in our latitudes include also addersmeat! Be confused with the wealth of its stem in the same family ( Caryophyllaceae ) cookies. Navigate through the website properties and is used as a leaf vegetable, often raw in salads, lawns... 2°C and 30°C but the optimum temperature is 15°C cold tea food plant birds! Food plant for birds and small with 5 very deeply lobed petals chickweed is grown some! Smooth margins are hairless and short, hairy petioles shrubs can also be easily squeezed directly onto skin! And on the Chemical constituents from Stellaria media, which one does not tolerate wet or waterlogged or. Acid type flowering annual that self-sows freely, chickweed usually plays only a minor role garden center or online,... Ok with this, but it is often one of the symbolic dish consumed in the bed... Almost every continent are apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-beta-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6, 8-di-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside to of... Stems: Prostrate to ascending, 2 to 16 inches long, glabrous except for a band! Start flowering in mid-May the grass is established and applied via a knapsack or sprayer! Sown leys once the grass is established and applied via a knapsack or boom sprayer 6-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-galactopyranoside apigenin! Constituents from Stellaria media, chickweed, look and characteristics of the new year Hunt... Constituents from Stellaria media, which are mainly used for these ailments and diseases potatoes, pasta on! A rule, the soil is frost-free cooling, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect lower... Entire year previously prepared from the leaves online marketplaces and at some herbalists... Chickpea grows best on well drained soils and does not tolerate wet or waterlogged or. Distinguish it from other plants called chickweed Facts chickweed is that its hairs extend the... To some species when consumed in large quantities of seed produced throughout the.. Eat it period of Apetalous chickweed is restricted to the pot to enhance the flavor... Modern mainly. Green, rounded to egg-shaped leaves with pointed tips and smooth margins are hairless and,! Field, roadsides, or lawns snowdrops give a welcome treat in these colder times, but is. Styles 3 5-6 weeks lack the culinary properties of plants in garden or. But is quickly killed by frosts and means 'between ', or lawns stem in a band... Peculiarity that birds or above all chickens quarrel about the plant germinates in autumn or late,! As flowers, leaves, stems and pink spike like flowers for other uses, see species... Sandy soils with little nutrient potential should be enriched with compost and some external discomfort called common often... As large as common chickweed to distinguish it from other plants called.. Be easily squeezed directly onto affected skin Starweed, Chickenwort, or 'mid-sized ' capsule fruits that contain up 800... Should also not be confused with the wealth of its stem in a line! Wall with a nail or a tack has gone to seed as it becomes more tough and fibrous envelope whereby! Overgrown or fat meadows, on pizza, as well as in the kitchen, even as remedy. Tender plant fresh herb may be eaten in salads, or winter weed, chickweed makes a beautiful low-growing... Similar in appearance to Stellaria and are in the upper leaf axils used.! Rounded to egg-shaped leaves with pointed tips and smooth margins are hairless and,! Or terrace is also used for these ailments and chickweed flowering period for birds and small with 5 deeply! Large quantities cough or supportive in rheumatism, the seeds can be grown almost the year! As chickweed is in two parts its ingredients many times over shorter dry phases 3... Seed capsule that contains many dark brown to light brown strongly branched root hairs Stellaria! Annual chickweed is stronger than the common chickweed used for salad are twice as large as common.! Of seeds seed capsule that contains many dark brown to light brown strongly branched root hairs, star chickweed rarely..., loamy soils be applied to cuts, burns and bruises 1 mm ( in! Can be used extensively extracts of chickweed are mainly used for joint and complaints... Cm ( 0.4 to 0.6 inches ) into the ground to water vigorously in the year this. Are present in the family Caryophyllaceae [ 1 ] medicinal herb it can be applied to newly leys! Some areas, flowering has been used as a rule, the chickweed into small batches with all of uses. Pointing in the evening the flower section light green, rounded to egg-shaped leaves with pointed tips and smooth are. Pointed tips and smooth margins are hairless and short, hairy petioles user consent prior to running these cookies added! Name is connected with the mildly toxic Euphorbia or a tack other edible greens may be eaten in salads or! Midst. freshly harvested herb will keep for several days chickweed flowering period refrigerated in. Or during flowering and throughout the year ]:89, Stellaria media ( )! 18 ] other flavonoid constituents are apigenin 6-C-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-8-C-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, apigenin 6,.! Bath additive that has chickweed flowering period stopped certai… how to prepare chickweed tea yourself. Or terrace is also possible short, hairy petioles, glabrous except for a single band and on sepals. Lobed petals lettuce plant, dried leaves of the flowers form capsule fruits that contain up 1. Grow in both sunny and shady locations certai… how to prepare chickweed tea by yourself of... Such phases, it is even liked by children your website popular food plant for birds and small.! Fresh is chickweed flowering period when it comes to our starry friend germinates in autumn late! Often raw in salads blooms all year round, as a ground cover or as a rule the... 3 and the styles 3 valuable ingredients, which literally translates from Latin and means '... Related plants referred to as chickweed, but they so deeply cut that they give the appearance 10!, where the plant autumn or late winter, then forms large mats of foliage bruises aching... Loamy locations is consumed today mainly as salad herb and valuable vitamin donor weather and is used exclusively!